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Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)

Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements or MAPPA is the process through which the police, probation and prison services work together with other agencies to assess and manage violent and sexual offenders in order to protect the public from harm.  It is a system of sharing information and combining resources to maximise the risk management in place for each individual offender.


The Sussex MAPPA Strategic Management Board (SMB) and the three LSCBs across the county have agreed a joint protocol to ensure there is effective cooperation and communication between the SMB and Sussex LSCBs and a clear understanding of responsibilities with regard to MAPP arrangements. View the MAPPA Protocol here 

The Three MAPPA Levels

There are three levels of management which are based upon the level of multi-agency co-operation required to implement the risk management plan effectively.   Higher risk cases tend to be managed at the higher levels and offenders will be moved up and down levels as appropriate.

  • Level 1 – Ordinary management – These offenders are subject to the usual management arrangements applied by whichever agency is supervising them.
  • Level 2 – Active multi agency management – The risk management plans for these offenders require the active involvement of several agencies via regular MAPP meetings.
  • Level 3 – Active multi agency management – Same as Level 2 but these cases additionally require the involvement of senior officers to authorise the use of special resources, such as police surveillance or specialised accommodation and/or to provide ongoing senior management oversight.

Offenders Managed Through MAPPA

There are three categories of offenders managed through MAPPA:

  • Category 1 – Registered sex offenders
  • Category 2 – Violent offenders sentenced to imprisonment for 12 months or more, or those detained under hospital orders. This category also includes a small number of sexual offenders who do not qualify for registration and offenders disqualified from working with children; and
  • Category 3 – Other dangerous offenders who do not qualify under categories 1 or 2 but who currently pose a risk of serious harm, there is a link between the offending and the risk posed, and they require active multi-agency management.

Violent and Sexual Offenders’ Register (ViSOR)

ViSOR is a database holding details of sexual and violent offenders, and other dangerous persons.  Police, prisons and probation all work on the same IT system enabling the sharing of risk assessments and risk management information on individual violent and sex offenders.

Find out more about MAPPA arrangements in our Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) Workshop training session.